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What is Depression ?

An estimated 300 million people worldwide or 4.4% of the world’s population are thought to be affected by depression.

However, the majority of cases of depression go undetected.

According to a survey, depression continues to be the most prevalent mental health issue globally, affecting 1 in 4 persons.

Why does depression happen?

According to scientific studies, a shortage in the brain chemical serotonin (5-HT) is a major contributor to depression.

If serotonin levels are low, the brain’s “happy hormone” has been linked to depression symptoms.
Although depression can and does affect people of all ages, factors that increase the risk of developing depression include poverty, unemployment, life events such as the death of a loved one or a breakup in a relationship, a family history of depression or other mental illnesses, physical illness, and issues caused by alcohol and drug abuse.

Symptoms to look for:

  • You feel worthless, depressed, and have a negative attitude all the time.
  • Has no desire to do anything.
  • You believe that nothing will ever work out and that you will fail in the future.
  • The person feels as though he has lost all of his energy.
    You’re exhausted, you don’t want to go to work, and you want to stay in bed instead of going out with friends.
    Lack of concentration and forgetfulness.
  • You cry for no apparent reason, get upset too frequently, and are generally irritated.
    The person has bad hygiene, dislikes wearing nice clothes.
  • Feeling drowsy all the time or having difficulty falling asleep are common symptoms of depression.
    Night terrors and recurring awakenings at midnight.
    You’re tired in the morning.​
  • You may be having headaches, cramps, aches, pains, or digestive problems without a known medical cause.
  • Overeating or loss of appetite are common symptoms of depression.
  • Postpartum depression may occur to mothers who have just given birth.
    Symptoms of postpartum depression include irritability, an inability to bond with the baby, crying, sleep disturbances, excessive worry about the child.
  • Depression is common in young people.
    They display signs include being irritable, staying in their room, and showing no interest in learning. They frequently report experiencing headaches, stomach-aches, and the occasional episode of vomiting. They have less desire to go out with their friends.

Treatment of Depression:

Treatment for depression is available, and it needed to begin as soon as feasible. Treatment that is started early is more successful. Psychotherapy and medication are typically used to treat depression. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a potential treatment option if these methods are not successful in reducing the symptoms. If existing therapies don’t work, more brain stimulation therapies might be tried.

Antidepressant Medications

A single episode of depression goes away within a few months or a year even if there is no treatment. But during this period the patient’s quality of life is greatly reduced and the chances of committing suicide are increased. That is why timely and thorough treatment of depression is necessary considering the risk of suicide.

some of the commonly used tricyclic antidepressants.

These medications fall into three categories.

  1. Tricyclic antidepressants: doxepin, clomipramine, imipramine, nortriptyline are some of the commonly used tricyclic antidepressants. Typically, these medications are taken three hours prior to bedtime with an evening meal.
  2. Medications classified as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors include fluoxetine, sertraline, fluvoxamine, and others. These medications take two to four weeks to start working on depression. These medications are typically administered in the morning.
  3. Medications that impact the neurotransmitters noradrenaline and serotonin are mirtazapine and venlafaxine.

Counselling For Depression

There are various forms of psychotherapy that are advised for depressed individuals. Depending on their symptoms, various patients receive different kinds of therapy. Depression may take some time to recover with counselling alone. Therefore, doctors typically advise combined therapy, medication, and psychotherapy. Teens are suffering from stress, relationship problems, and pressures related to their education these days, and counselling has shown to be far more helpful in these age groups. Receiving appropriate counselling could occasionally keep you from developing depression. Certain treatments are,
  1. The treatment of cognitive behaviour (CBT).
  2. Therapy that is interpersonal (IPT).
  3. Psychodynamic Counselling.
  4. Therapy focused on solving problemss
Our team of psychologists at NEURON is committed to providing CBT and depression counselling.

How to beat Depression?

Changes in Lifestyle
Being gloomy and helpless is a result of depression. Because of this, making a few small lifestyle adjustments to lift your spirits can help you beat depression.

Work out
According to research, engaging in regular physical activity can improve your mood when you’re healing from depression.
Early in the morning, when the air is clear and full of oxygen, walking, running, or cycling outside raises serotonin levels in the brain, which helps treat depression.
Exercises at the gym that focus on strength training also aid in the relief of depressive symptoms.

Sufficient Sleep
Sleep is necessary for both mental and physical well-being.
A healthy sleep schedule includes going to bed before 11 pm and waking up before 8 am.

A study found that doing yoga twice a week for 60 minutes over the course of 12 weeks significantly reduced anxiety and depressive symptoms while also increasing self-confidence. Regularly performing Surya Namaskar in the morning gives the body vitality and energy for fifteen minutes. Surya namaskar is is very beneficial for people who experience symptoms like lethargy, extreme fatigue, and boredom at work.

The patient can better control their emotions by practicing meditation. Furthermore, meditation helps get rid of depressed and negative ideas.
By raising awareness of the brain, meditation helps keep depression from returning.

Deep Breathing Exercise, or Anulom-Vilom, is one type of meditation. While you breathe, concentrate on your blessings in life. Keep track of your heart rate and breathing.

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